The decision to have an abortion is an important one, and it is something that Brook Blackburn are able to support you with.
Abortion is the term used when someone chooses to go through a medical process to end their pregnancy. It is also known as a 'termination' or a 'termination of pregnancy'. This is different from a miscarriage, which is when somebody loses a pregnancy naturally in the first 23 weeks of pregnancy. After 23 weeks, the natural loss of a pregnancy is knows as stillbirth.
You can self-refer for an abortion directly to:
East Lancs Hospital Trust at Burnley General Teaching Hospital.
You do not need to make an appointment with your GP, Brook or another sexual health clinic to access this service, but if you want to talk to one of our team about your options please get in touch.
Generally, an abortion should be carried out as early in the pregnancy as possible, usually before 12 weeks and ideally before 9 weeks where possible.
In the UK, it is legal to have an abortion up to 24 weeks. If there is a serious health risk to the pregnant person or the baby, this can be extended.
There are many reasons why someone might decide to have an abortion, such as their personal circumstances and ability to care for the child, health risks to them or the baby, or just because they don't want to have a child. Whatever someone’s reasons are for having an abortion, it is their choice and their right to do so.
The only person who can decide whether an abortion is right for you is you. It’s really important to remember that the decision is up to you, because lots of people have very strong views about abortion – whether it’s right or wrong – but none of them are you, and it’s your choice.
If you are unsure about whether to have an abortion, you can talk to a health professional, such as at Brook, to get some advice.
About a third of women in the UK will have an abortion by the time they are 45.
If you are in a relationship, you might want to talk to your partner about your options. You may want to consider your circumstances together. However, even if your partner is the person who you became pregnant with, that doesn’t mean they can tell you what decision to make. It’s your body and your choice.
Abortion is a very safe procedure when carried out under the care of a hospital or licensed clinic. The earlier an abortion is carried out, the safer it is. There is a small chance of complications, however they are mostly treated before becoming serious.
The options you have will depend on how many weeks pregnant you are. As different people will have different reasons for considering an abortion, it’s important to consider your unique situation. Some people are very clear about their decision whilst others find it really hard, and might take some time to make up their mind.
You may find it helpful to talk to someone you trust - this might be a friend or family member, or a health professional or support worker. There are lots of organisations that can give you informed, confidential advice and support (see below).
There are some risks associated with abortions to be aware of. These are rare and usually happen within a short period following the procedure:
During your first appointment with your GP or clinician, you should be given the opportunity to talk about your situation and which method of abortion is suitable for your stage of pregnancy. You will also be advised about any related risks and complications.
You should also be tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
You may also be given information and advice about your contraceptive choices after the abortion.
Before having an abortion, you may also need to have:
You will be asked to sign a consent form before the abortion is carried out.
Yes, the abortion will usually go on your health record if you have been referred by your GP. If you self refer, the clinic may encourage you to allow them to inform your GP but this is not automatically done as it is a confidential service.
Early medical abortion - up to 9 weeks
An early stage abortion is possible without an internal procedure. Three clinic appointments are needed.
You will be asked to take two different medicines 36-48 hours apart.
Some services have facilities for this process to happen at the clinic. Some people prefer to go through this process at home. This can be your choice.
This method uses gentle suction to remove the foetus from the womb. The procedure usually takes 5 to 10 minutes and can be carried out in a day surgery unit under either sedation local anaesthetic or general anaesthetic. If you have sedation or general anaesthetic you will need to have someone with you after the procedure and you will not be able to drive home yourself.
You will usually be able to go home the same day.
Following the procedure, you will usually experience vaginal bleeding for up to 21 days.
In most cases, the bleeding will be quite heavy for two to three days before settling down. You may experience cramps for which you can take painkillers at home.
This is a surgical procedure carried out under general anaesthetic. It usually takes 10-20 minutes and, if you are healthy and there are no complications, you may be able to return home the same day.
Your cervix will be gently stretched and dilated. Forceps and a suction tube will be used to remove the foetus and tissue within the womb.
You may experience vaginal bleeding for up to 21 days afterwards.
This method uses the same medication as an early medical abortion but will take longer and more than one dose of medication may be needed.
You will usually be able to return home on the same day. However, sometimes an overnight stay in hospital may be required.
In a small number of cases (less than 1 in 20), the placenta or afterbirth does not pass. In this case, you may need to have a small operation under a general anaesthetic to remove the placenta.
There are two options and both require an overnight stay in hospital and are carried out under general anaesthetic.
All of these procedures can feel invasive and distressing, so you may want to consider having someone nearby to support you when you leave hospital. It’s also important to talk to your clinician about what to expect during and after any procedure.
An ultrasound scan uses high frequency sound waves to create an image of part of the inside of the body. Ultrasound scans can give a more accurate estimation of the length of the pregnancy than counting the weeks from the last period.
The Abortion Act 1967 covers England, Scotland and Wales but not Northern Ireland.
It states, abortions can usually only be carried out during the first 24 weeks of pregnancy as long as:
The law states an abortion may be carried out after 24 weeks in rare cases where:
Abortion is now legal in Northern Ireland. If you or someone you know needs an abortion in Northern Ireland Informing Choices NI and Alliance for Choice have up to date reliable information to help you.
This is usually picked up during the routine ultrasound screening tests that are part of antenatal care.
This is calculated using the first day of your last period. For people with a menstrual cycle of average length, that day is usually about two weeks before conception, which explains why pregnancies are said to last 40 weeks.
Depending on the length of the pregnancy, a small pregnancy sac may be visible.
Most of the time people can see blood and tissue in their sanitary pad or in the toilet. The (very small) embryo is usually passed within this blood and tissue, and so often goes unnoticed.
At 8-9 weeks pregnant, you might see a sac in the blood and it may be possible to see the embryo (at this stage the embryo is about 2.5 cm) this can be distressing. It is best to flush the toilet and throw sanitary pads away as usual.
No, your fertility should return to normal after an uncomplicated abortion. In fact, people can experience an increase in their fertility soon after a termination so it is important to start contraception straight away to prevent another pregnancy from happening.